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Автономные походы в Тянь Шань 

 
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Description DT - 3


ON THE FOOTSTEPS OF SEMENOV-TIEN-SHANSKY AND MERZBACHER

 

Day 1. Meeting in airport, transfer to hotel, city-tour.
Arrival in airport "Manas" early morning, transfer to the hotel, short rest, late breakfast. At 13:00 excursion at Bishkek (visit Historical Museum, Central Square, Pobeda Square, Michael Frunze's Museum). Excursion is finish at 17:00 near the hotel.
Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyz Republic was founded in the end of XIX century. First name - Pishpek, and it called Frunze in USSR period. In 1991 it was renamed to Bishkek. City is located on the North of republic in the middle of Chu Valley near foothills of Kyrgyz Ala-Too. Population of Bishkek is above 1 million. In present, city is one of the prosperity cities in Central Asia. City has many historical monuments, museums and theatres - Frunz Museum, Historical Museum, Victory Square, Ala-Too Square, Fine Art Museum, Opera and Ballet Theatre, Erkindik Boulevard, Philharmonic.

Day 2. Trekking in Natural Park Ala - Archa (8 hours).
Departure is at 08:00. Transfer from Bishkek to the trek start point takes 1 hour. Today you'll have easy trek in the Nature Park of Ala-Archa. The offering route - waterfall in Ak-Say gorge. Trek up to the waterfall takes 3 hours. The lunch is organizing near waterfall in the forest, and then group return to alpine camp (duration 2 hours). Rest, excursion to memorial alpinist cemetery. At 17:30 the group gathering near the car for departure to Bishkek, return to the hotel, free time.
The National Natural Park "Ala-Archa" was founded in 1976; it is located in same name valley 35 km from Bishkek among mountains of Kyrgyz Range. The area is 19,4 thousands of hectares. Exclusive landscapes (forest, alpine meadows, mountains, glaciers, waterfalls) and simple access easiness are attracting here many people for rest, hiking, trekking, and ascending. In the time of Soviet Union the alp camp "Ala-Archa" disposed here, one of the most famous alpinist center.

Day 3. Transfer from Bishkek to yurt camp on the shore of Issyk-Kyl Lake (8 hours).
Departure from Bishkek at 9:00; transfer to Burana Tower, excursion. After excursion continue transfer and in an hour - organizing lunch at roadside cafe. After lunch continue transfer to Issyk-Kul Lake to the yurt camp "Quiet Bay". Yurt camp is located on the south shore of the Issyk-Kul Lake in beautiful, pictorial bay Ak-Chiy. Arrive in yurt camp, free time. At 19:00 - dinner.
The Burana Tower is an architectural monument of the XI-th century. It is located 70 km from Bishkek. The Burana Tower was one of the first constructions of this type on the territory of Central Asia. The Minaret and the remains of the Serf Walls are the only witnesses of Karahanid's State capital Balasagyn, once existed there. One of the ways of The Great Silk Road passed through the town.
Issyk-Kul Lake is located on 1610 m above sea level, 170 km from Bishkek. There are Tien-Shan mountains around it. From Kyrgyz "Issyk-Kul" means "warm lake". The Lake is justify it's name, since big volume of warming water in summer time and salt water are make it non-freezing all over the year, nevertheless that the temperature of air is - 30°C degrees in winter. It is 180 km long, 70 km across, 702 m deep. Water temperature of the lake is + 24°C degrees in summer and not lower + 4°C degrees in winter. The transparent of this lake is setting it with cleanest lakes of the world. Among alpine lakes all over the world, Issyk-Kul is smaller by its size only with Titicaca Lake in South America, but by volume of water and depth isn't has equal. In period from May till September, the air temperature in area of water is warm up + 20°C +35°C degrees. The number of sunny days is reach 95% in this period, that is to allow make sun bathes almost everyday. Mountains around the lake are covered with fir-trees forests, higher forest zone are alpine meadows with variety of flowers and grass. At altitude above 4000m the zone of never-freeze ice begin, with summits higher than 5000m. Beautiful sandy beaches, variety of landscapes are allowed diversity rest - hiking, trekking, ascends, horse-treks, diving, sailing-tours and so on.
Yurt - is the traditional nomadic dwelling. The original design was constructed to ensure an easily collapsible and transportable structure to correspond with the nomadic people's need to follow their herds seeking new pastures. The walls of the yurt are typically made from birch laths formed into a lattice framework and held together by leather strips. They put on this carcass a felt cover with a hole on the top (tunduk) for the fresh air and illumination.

Day 4. Transfer from yurt camp "Quiet Bay" to the trek start point Djergalan Gorge (8 hours).
Departure at 09:00. After 2 hours we're arrive to Karakol town. Excursion is beginning from Museum of Nikolai Przhevalsky. The next sight is Dungan mosque. At the end of excursion - visit Troizckaya Orthodox Church. Lunch after excursion. Departure Karakol and drive by road which goes to Jergalan village. This village was built in 70-th years of past century near the coal deposit. The road is finish near the village and then we continue by foot. Trek today will be easy and short - 1,5-2 hours up on Jergalan Gorge... After steep rising we are exiting on big glade with giant typical stone. Inhabitants named this stone "Bogatyrskiy Kamen". Then crossing the forest, passing 2 bridges and organizing camp 1 near the hill. Overnight in tents.

Karakol is biggest city, situated near the Issyk-Kul Lake. Karakol was named Przhevalsk in period 1889 - 1991, in honor of famous Russian traveler - explorer Nikolai Przhevalski. At present it is administrative center of Issyk-Kul region, it's population above 80 000. The sightseeing of Karakol: Nikolai Przhevalski Memorial, wooden Dungan Mosque, Orthodox Church. Karakol is well known by many travels of exploring Tien-Shan has started and starting at present time.
Memorial complex of Nikolai Przevalski was founded in 1894 in memory of famous Russian traveler - explorer Nikolai Przhevalski. Complex is located near Issyk-Kul Lake at 12 km from Karakol town. The area of the complex was located near the shore in period of foundation. The shore is gone out on few hundreds meters now. Memorial complex includes monument built in 1894 year, chapel and big orchard. Here, in the silent of beautiful orchard, the grave of famous traveler is situated.
Dungan Mosque the magnificent monument of the architecture of the XX century beginning that was built up without any single nail. The builders used the experience and the craftsmanship of the traditional Dungan wood architecture. Russian Orthodox Church located in the center of the town. It was built in 1895, and it is the most ancient Orthodox Church in Kyrgyzstan. It is also one of the biggest wooden buildings in Central Asia.

Day 5. Trek from camp 1 to camp2 over Jergalan Pass (3327m) (6-7 hours).
At 09:00 trek up on the pass. We are reaching Jergalan Pass after 3 hours of walking on the road. The pass has two highest points (10 minutes of walking between these points). The beautiful view on Tup River's valley is opening from the pass. Trek down from Jergalan Pass isn't hard and takes about 1-1,5 hours. Organizing lunch near the river after trek down. Continue the trek by the old road, along right shore of Tup River after lunch. Crossing river to the left bank after 2 hours of trek up on the gorge. Accommodating tent camp 2 on green glade in front of the Ashutor Gorge.

Day 6. Trek from camр 2 to camp 3 over Ashutor pass (3649m) 5-6 hours.
At 08:30, after breakfast, beginning trek up on the old road, which goes on Ashutor pass. Geologists built this road in the time of USSR. The road is not using now and therefore destroying in places and block up with stones. Trek up on the pass takes 2-2,5 hours. There is good view of green Chon-Djanalach river's valley and Khan-Tengry Peak. Trek down from the pass by old road, which goes on green glades of alpine grass and flowers. Coming to the spring and organizing lunch, after - continue the way on road to the large Chon-Djanalach gorge. The river flows on the bottom of gorge. Crossing this river. After crossing - accommodation in tent camp 3 on the glade.

Day 7. Trek from camp 3 to camp 4 over Djanalach Pass (3510m) and Echkilitash Pass (3560m) 5-6 hours.
Echkilitash Pass At 08:00 after early breakfast, beginning trek up on the big green hill, near the foot of which was organized camp 3. There is vision on Djanalach Pass from the hill. This Pass - the purpose of our trek up. The beautiful view on Turuk River's valley is opening, if the weather will be fine, then you can see Khan-Tengry Peak. Trek down from pass to Turuk River goes on path, which comes on Echkilitash Pass. There is big swampy meadow on the pass. Organizing lunch near the little river in time of trek down. After lunch - continue trek on Echkilitash gorge. The gorge is pretty narrow with steep rock sides. Little river is flows on the bottom of the gorge; we'll need to cross it several times. We are in the wide Sary-Djaz gorge after exit from gorge. Here is the beautiful view on the snow tops of the Sary-Djaz Range; the next way of the trek will go through it. Organizing tent camp 4 near the little river.

Day 8. Short trek from camp 4 to camp 5 - up on the Tuz river's valley (2-2,5 hours).
Since camp 4 located not far from the road, this place is not comfortable for rest. Therefore we have a short trek to more quiet place for the rest, after breakfast. Crossing the large Sary-Djaz River on the bridge and trekking up on the Tuz valley. Passing about 2-2,5 hours along the riverbed, coming to the first press (place, where bank of river held up to the rock). Here on the glade with big stone rings we organize tent camp 5. Rest.

Day 9. Trek from camp 5 to camp 6 up on the Tuz river's valley (4-5 hours).
The trek will be short and easy today. Continuing trek up on the Tuz valley after breakfast and through 2-2,5 hours passed to the second press, where organizing lunch. Continue trek up along the river after lunch and through 1,5 hours - coming to the place of crossing the river. Cross wade the river, higher of the place of confluent two rivers. Organizing tent camp 5 after crossing river on green glade.

Tuz Pass (4001 m) Kyrgyz name - straight. Tuz Pass for a long time used for cross from Sary-Djaz Valley to Inilchek Valley and further to China. Tuz pass for a long time was one possible place of crossing through Sary-Djaz Range. Many expeditions has passed it over, aiming to explore of Central Tien-Shan and for ascend on Khan-Tengri and Pobeda Peaks in period from beginning of century to 80th years. In 80th years was opened tin deposit on the slopes of Enilchek-Too Range, and a road was built through Sary-Djaz canyon which went from Karakol to Inilchek valley, and Tuz Pass has loosed his appoint. But in present time this Pass is very popular among tourists and alpinists.

Day 10. Trek from camp 6 to camp 7 over Tuz Pass (4001m) (6-7 hours).
At 08:00 after early breakfast, begin trek up on green hill, which have seen from camp 6. Passed to the end of gorge, continue trek up from the big gray stone to the little plateau with lake. Here you can take clean drinking water because the next place with water has been only in the camp7. Trek up to Tuz Pass on the falling slope. The Pass is high and there is often snow here. The great view on the South Inylchek Glacier and Peaks around it (Nancen Peak, Pobeda Peak) is from Tuz Pass. Organizing lunch on the pass. It will be long trek down to the Inylchek valley after lunch. Easy crossing Maibulak River (in valley). After that, continue trek up on valley and organizing tent camp 7 on green glade with huge stone in an hour.
Chon-Tash translate from Kyrgyz as "Big Stone", this place using alpinists and tourists for rest and accumulating energy for the following travel on the glacier and before ascents on Tian-Shan Giants - Khan-Tengry Peak (7010m) and Pobeda Peak (7439m).

Day 11. The day of rest on Chon-Tash.
Today is the day of rest. This day may be use for short excursion around camp and for rest.

Nansen Peak (5697 m) is one of the most beautiful summits of Enilchek-Too Range. This is huge snowy summit is a visit card of Central Tien-Shan. The summit receive its name in thanks and in memory of famous Norwegian polar explorer - Fritiophe Nansen, which has helped the Goverment of Soviet to overcome hunger in Povolzhie in 20th years. The beautiful view on this summit is opening from the Tuz Pass.

 Day 12. Trek from camp 7 to camp 8 on Inylchek Glacier (7-8 hours).
At 08:00 start trek from camp 7. Trek up on Inylchek Gorge to Inylchek Glacier, cross glacier and come to the left side moraine. After an hour we are organizing lunch. Continue trek on moraine and come to the side-glacier Pytevodniy. Cross glacier and after 4 hours, reach place, which called "Zelonaya Polyana" (Green Glade). This is really green grass glade with good place for accommodate tent camp 8.

Inylchek Glacier is located in eastern part of Kyrgyzstan between Sary-Djaz and Engilchek-Too Ranges. Inylchek Glacier is second highland glacier by its size in the world. Its length - 60 km, the width is above 3 km in some places. Tengry-Tau Range is separated it on Northern and Southern Inylchek. The highland Lake Merzbacher is located in the place of confluence of the glaciers. The marmoreal Khan-Tengri and Pobeda Peaks are located in highland of glacier. Moraine and superficiality of glacier are cover minerals, remnant of fossilized flora and fauna, stones other forms and colours.

Day 13. Radial trek to Merzbacher glade (4-5 hours).
Start trek at 09:00. Trek up on the path to the place of confluence two glaciers - Inylchek and Shokalskogo. Turn to the right, and trek up to the large grass glade, which named "Polyana Merzbachera". All pass is above 1,5 hours. This place named "Polyana Merzbachera", because in 1907 expedition of famous Germany traveler Gotfrid Merzbacher was based here. From this place he saw the purpose of his numerous expeditions - Khan-Tengry. If trek up higher, possible on one of the nearest easy peaks, you can see beautiful view of Merzbachera Lake and panorama of mountains around Inylchek glacier.

Merzbacher Lakes is located between Southern and Northern Inilchek Glaciers, in eastern part of Kyrgyzstan. This glacier lake receives wide popularity, due to its unique property: every year lake is disappearing fully in result of catastrophic break, and then it's appearing again in the next year. This Lake was discovered in 1902 by Gotfrid Merzbacher - German geographer and climber. The lake is not very big size: 4 km long, 1 km across, 60-70 m deep. In the central part it's separated by ice-wall on two independent lakes.  

Day 14. Trek from camp 8 to camp 9 on Inylchek Glacier (6-7 hours).
At 09:00 start trek up on gorge to the place of confluence Inylchek and Shokalskogo Glaciers. Go down to Inylchek Glacier and pass on the side moraine of typical red colour. Trek up on this moraine to the place of confluence Inylchek and Komsomolskiy Glaciers. Organize tent camp 9 in this place.

Day 15. Trek from camp 9 to camp 10 on Inylchek Glacier (6-7 hours).
At 09:00 - start. Continue trek up on moraine to the typical big stone. Moraine is slowly turned to the right in this place. Trek down from moraine to the left, in direction of right side moraine of Inylchek Glacier. You can see the base camp on moraine from this place. The base camp is final purpose of the travel.

Day 16. The Day of Rest in the base camp.
This day may be use for rest and for short trek on moraine.

Pobeda Peak (7439 m) (Chinese name - Tomur Peak) is located on the border of Kyrgyz Republic and China. This is the most northern seven-thousandth and the highest peak of Central Tien-Shan. This summit mentioned in ancient Chinese inscriptions and in description of Byzantine missioners.The ancient name was also "Khan-Tengri" (Master of the Heaven), that long time was geographical phenomenon: two different summits were well known for other people as same names summits. Summit received present name - Pobeda Peak in 1943, when Soviet military topographers has discovered the summit, which was higher than Khan-Tengri more than 300 meters. This name has appeared only in 1946, in honor of victory of fascism in Second World War. Conquer of Pobeda Peak began from 1938 year and well known its numerous histories. As like as Khan-Tengri, Pobeda is the most popular seven-thousander. Many alpinists from other countries are trying to take this peak every year.

Day 17. Radial exit to camp ABC under Khan-Tengry Peak (4-5 hours).
At 09:00 start trek down to the glacier and go up on glacier to the place of confluence of Inylchek and Semyonova Glaciers. This place is named station "Shubina", in memory of famous painter - alpinist from Bishkek. Pass takes about 2 hours. Come back to the base camp after short excursion on Semyonova Glacier.

Khan-Tengri (7010m) is translated from Chinese as "Master Of the Heaven". The history of his discovery and exploration is full adventures and mysteries. The Khan-Tengri Summit is well known for a long time. Ancient travelers are mentioned about it. Semenov Tian-Shanskiy - famous Russian geographer and traveler has saw and described this peak in time of his travel on Tien-Shan in 1856-1857. Gotfrid Merzbacher - German scientist has made several expeditions, finally reached it and explored in beginning of XX century. The first ascent on Khan-Tengri was in 1931 by soviet command by leadership of Michael Pogrebezki. In present time it is most beautiful summit in Central Tien-Shan - top dream of climbers from many countries. To reach this summit - is the dream of every alpinist.

Day 18. Flight from camp 10 to Maidaadyr and transfer to yurt camp "Quiet Bay" (6-7 hours).
At 09:00 after breakfast fly by helicopter to the base camp "Maidaadyr". Then transfer to Karakol, organize lunch. Then transfer to yurt camp "Quiet Bay". Free time, at 19:00 dinner.

Day 19. Transfer from yurt camp "Quiet Bay" to Bishkek (5-6 hours).
Breakfast, free time. Departure to Bishkek at 13:00, after lunch. Accommodation in hotel.

Day 20. Free Day in Bishkek.
You'll have excursion on bazaar and shopping, buying souvenirs in first half of the day. After excursion - free time. At 17:45 transfer to "Aristocrat" restaurant, farewell dinner. During a dinner - performance of national folk ensemble. Dinner duration - 2-3 hours, returning to the hotel.

Ensemble of folk instruments. The most popular musical instrument is a three-string pizzicato komuz alike mandolin with three stringers. The stringers are made from animal tendon. A two-stringer bow kyyak and reed temir-ooz-komuz are also popular. Temir-ooz-komuz is the instrument, made from iron plate. It is put up between teeth, and produce specifically guttural sounds in time of playing. A reed jigach-ooz-komuz, a wind flute choor, and a wind surnay are national musical instruments used by people in folk-musical practice. You can see and hear these instruments only in Kirgizia.  

Day 21. Transfer to airport "Manas".
Early wake up, transfer to airport "Manas".



Descriptions » Description DT - 3