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Tash-Rabat


Tash-Rabat fortified caravanserai is on the bank of the Kara-Koyun mountainous river, 80 km from the At-Bashi village. Tash-Rabat was built in the early 15-th century by the local ruler Muhammed-Khan on the ancient caravan road from Semirechye to Kashgar for trade caravans to stay there. Uniqueness of Tash-Rabat is in the fact that it is the largest stone building in Central Asia of the 15-th century. It has a complicated architectural planning and there is no internal yard. Tash-Rabat is not big and it looks like a monumental and severe fortification. The caravanserai has a rectangular form with the size of 35.7m x 33.7 m. The outer walls are 1.8 m - 2.6 m thick, the inner walls are 1.1 m - 1.8 m thick. The building has 31 premises for different purposes. One part is covered with cupola, the other part is arched. Tash-Rabat has the premises for the guard, for guests, for cooking, central hall, horse stable. The central hall with a cupola served as a dining room, as a reception room and a room for religious rites.

The facade of Tash-Rabat has a portal with a deep lancet arched niche. In the corners of the facade there are two round towers 3 m in diameter. The composition is topped with a four-faceted cupola. Tash-Rabat is constructed of stones of different size and colour. The lower part is made of big stones, the upper part is made of small stones. Rooms of the caravanserai were ganch plastered. The central hall had the richest decoration. The carving on ganch was made with high artistic skill.

   


Sights » Tash-Rabat